Standard 
Focus of Instruction 
Skills Taught to Achieve Standard 
2.1 
Numbers, Number Systems and
Number Relationships 
Types of numbers
(e.g., whole, prime, irrational, complex)
Equivalent forms
(e.g., fractions, decimals, percents) 
2.2 
Computation and Estimation 
Basic functions (+, , ´, ¸)
Reasonableness of answers
Calculators 
2.3 
Measurement and Estimation 
Types of measurement (e.g., length, time)
Units and tools of measurement
Computing and comparing measurements 
2.4 
Mathematical Reasoning and Connections 
Using inductive and deductive reasoning
Validating arguments
(e.g., if...then statements, proofs) 
2.5 
Mathematical Problem Solving and Communication 
Problem solving strategies
Representing problems in various ways
Interpreting results 
2.6 
Statistics and Data Analysis 
Collecting and reporting Data (e.g., charts, graphs)
Analyzing data 
2.7 
Probability and Predictions 
Validity of data
Calculating probability to make predictions 
2.8 
Algebra and Functions 
Equations
Patterns and functions 
2.9 
Geometry

Shapes and their properties
Using geometric principles to solve problems 
2.10 
Trigonometry 
Right angles
Measuring and computing with triangles
Using graphing calculators 
2.11 
Concepts of Calculus 
Comparing quantities and values
Graphing rates of change
Continuing patterns infinitely 